Feeding Problems of Preschool-Age Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder in Pathum Thani Province, Thailand

Authors

  • Issarapa Chunsuwan Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
  • Warapoj Ma-eime Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
  • Tippawan Hansakunachai Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
  • Prapasri Kulalert Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
  • Tiraya Lerthattsilp Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand

Keywords:

Autism, Feeding problems, Food refusal, BAMBI, Thailand

Abstract

Introduction: Feeding problems are commonly observed in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Among feeding problems, food selectivity is the most common issue. Improper feeding behaviors could lead to health issues and difficulties in parenting. The objective of this research is to compare eating problems among preschool-age children with autism and children with typical development (TD).
Methods: This case-control study was conducted in 30 children with ASD and 30 age- and gendermatched children with TD. Parents of children from both groups answered demographic questionnaires, the Brief Autism Mealtime Behavior Inventory (BAMBI) and questionnaires about attitude and strategies toward their child’s behavioral problems.
Results: The mean total score of the BAMBI in children with ASD (45 ± 8.4) was significantly higher than children with TD (40 ± 7.4). Of the three domains in the BAMBI, food refusal was the only significantly different domain between two groups. The behaviors which were commonly mentioned by parents of children with ASD as problematic were expelling food that had been eaten and refusing to eat certain foods that they dislike. Parents from both groups did not differ in their emotion and confidence during mealtimes.
Conclusions: Preschool-age children with ASD have more eating problems than normal developing children. Food refusal behavior was an area of significant difference between the two groups. Therefore, when caring for preschooler with ASD, eating problems also should be focused on.

Downloads

Published

2021-12-30

How to Cite

[1]
Chunsuwan, I., Ma-eime, W. , Hansakunachai, T. , Kulalert, P. and Lerthattsilp, T. 2021. Feeding Problems of Preschool-Age Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder in Pathum Thani Province, Thailand. Asian Medical Journal and Alternative Medicine. 21, 3 (Dec. 2021), 199–209.

Issue

Section

Original Articles